Courts and Jurisdiction

Learning Objectives

After studying this module, you should be able to:

  • Describe the functions and structure of the primary trial and appellate courts in the state and federal court systems
  • Compare the subject matter jurisdiction of the federal and state courts
  • Explain personal jurisdiction and the application of “long arm” statutes
  • Distinguish between
    • state and federal subject matter jurisdiction
    • personal and subject matter jurisdiction
    • exclusive and concurrent jurisdiction
  • Explain how “standing” and “venue” operate to limit jurisdiction
  • Distinguish between “forum-selection” and “choice of law” clauses in contracts and explain why the parties might choose to include them.