EEO Equal Employment Opportunity


Questions to Consider

Consider these questions while reading this module:

  • What conduct does Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibit? What are Title VII’s five "protected classes?"
  • What is the difference between disparate treatment and disparate impact discrimination? How does a plaintiff establish a prima facie case under each theory?
  • What defenses are available in a Title VII lawsuit? If the plaintiff prevails, what remedies are available?
  • What are the main issues in lawsuits alleging discrimination based on race, color or national origin?
    • What is reverse discrimination?
    • What is Affirmative Action? What does it require? prohibit?
  • What is the employer's obligation toward an employee alleging discrimination based on religion?
  • To determine whether conduct alleged as sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination prohibited by Title VII, what factors do the courts consider?
    • What is the difference between quid pro quo and hostile environment harassment?
    • After the Faragher and Ellerth decisions, when is an employer vicariously liable for harassment committed by a supervisor?
    • How does Title VII protect employees from retaliation?
  • How did the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 modify Title VII?
  • What are the basic provisions of the Equal Pay Act?
  • What is the scope of coverage of the Age Discrimination Act of 1967?
  • What federal acts prohibit discrimination based on disability?
    • How does the ADA define disability?
    • Do recent cases seem to be expanding or restricting the coverage of the ADA? How did Congress respond to these decisions when it amended the ADA?